Lassithi Plateau is a fertile plain of 850m above the sea level. It covers 12km from east to west and 6km from north to south and it is surrounded by high peaks, the highest of which is Spathi at 2.148m above the sea level. These peaks protected the inhabitants of the Plateau from the attacks. There are two entrances to the plateau: one from the side of Agios Nikolaos and the other constitutes a pass into the Plateau coming from the Iraklion side through the village of Kera.
The Seli Ambelos pass at 900m is dotted with abandoned windmills on both sides. There is an impressive view of the Plateau from there. The numerous little windmills, that someone can see in the general area of the Plateau, were originally used to aid irrigation, but today they add a charming touch of whimsical rusticity to the area.